Systems Biology of Mammalian Forebrain Development
In this project we will address stem cell heterogeneity during the development of cerebral cortex and the signaling pathways controlling their fate to predict and model the processes of cortical development. Minor changes in coordination and aberrations in these networks may lead to developmental defects with profound effects on brain integrity and function.
The mammalian brain is the most complex organ in the animal kingdom. The cerebral cortex controls complex functions including cognition, motor coordination and memory. The increase in the complexity of the cerebral cortex across species has paralleled and probably driven the increased cognitive function throughout evolution.
Stem cell potential and cortical development control
A thin sheet of neural stem cells in the embryo generate the cerebral cortex which contains billions of cells and hundreds of functionally distinct neuron types organized into precise networks. The maintenance of stem cell potential and the control of cortical development are regulated by dynamic signaling pathways organized in space and time. Changes in these key networks control the regimental differentiation and fate specification of neural stem cells required to form the precise structures of the cerebral cortex.
Understanding brain formation and aberrant development
We are combining state-of-the-art computation modeling, high-resolution small sample gene profiling, and cell culture to analyze neural stem cell differentiation and address the mechanisms of forebrain development. A detailed understanding of the dynamic interplay between transcriptional networks and their upstream regulators which may arise from this project will help our understanding brain formation and aberrant development and may enable the generation of defined cortical neuron populations.
|Principal Investigator||Prof. Verdon Taylor, Department of Biomedicine, University of Basel|
|Involved Institutions||University of Basel, ETH Zurich|
|Number of Research Groups||6|
|Project Duration||Mar. 2013 - Feb. 2017|
|Approved SystemsX.ch Funds||CHF 3 million|
Updated June 2013